Library Databases

American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Humanities E-Books
This electronic resource includes over 5,800 full-text, cross searchable e-books in the humanities and related social sciences. The collection encompasses 41 subject-areas, ranging from African Studies to Women’s Studies. The project includes both in-print and out-of-print books, and each year between 300-400 titles are added. The titles are recommended by scholars and learned societies and include many-prize-winning publications.

The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary is a six-volume state-of-the-art dictionary of the Bible offering the most up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of biblical subjects and topics. It remains the gold standard reference for Biblical Studies and is an unprecedented interfaith exploration of the Bible that is interdisciplinary in scope. The Dictionary contains more than 6,000 entries from nearly 1,000 contributors; endpaper maps of the Near Eastern world keyed to text for quick location of archaeological and biblical sites; articles on pseudepigraphic and apocryphal texts, Nag Hammadi tractates, and individual Dead Sea Scrolls, including the most recently published sectarian Dead Sea Scrolls, as well as articles illustrating the literary artistry of the biblical text.

ATLA Database
ATLA Religion Database (ATLA RDB) with ATLASerials (ATLAS) combines the premier index to journal articles, book reviews, and collections of essays in all fields of religion with ATLA’s online collection of major religion and theology journals. The ATLA Religion Database includes more than 3.4 million article citations from more than 2,500 journals (1,200 currently indexed), more than 287,00 essay citations, more than 1.1 million book review citations, and a growing number of multimedia citations. In ATLASerials, full text is provided for more than 810,000 electronic articles and book reviews. This database is produced by the American Theological Library Association.

ATLAS for Alumni/ae

ATLASerials, an online, full-text collection of major religion and theology journals selected by leading religion scholars and theologians, is accessible to graduates of Holy Cross. Users can read articles or research the history of a topic from as early as 1924 to the present. Currently, researchers are able to use ATLASerials as a search tool to retrieve images of the pages in more than 390 different journals. To obtain a username and password, please contact the Library Director at 617.850.1243 or

Note: The alumni/ae access is only for ATLASerials and does not include the indices of the ATLA Religion Database.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity (BEEC)
The BEEC focuses on the history of early Christianity, covering texts, authors, and ideas. The BEEC addresses a range of traditions, including iconographic, martyrological, ecclesiastical, and Christological traditions, as well as cultic phenomena, such as the veneration of saints. The history of the transmission of texts and the attention to recent scholarship will play an important role. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. Currently over 700 articles are available. The encyclopedia will consist of about 1300 articles. Every year about 300 articles will be added until planned completion in 2022. Once the online version is completed the encyclopedia will become available in print in 6 volumes.

Cambridge Online Collection
This significant collection provides access to 102 digital volumes of the celebrated Cambridge Histories, Religion and Philosophy series. In addition, there are also included numerous open-access Cambridge titles covering a broad range of topics such as public policy, science, law, ethics, linguistics and globalization.

Digital Loeb Classical Library
The Loeb Classical Library, founded in 1911 by James Loeb, is a facing-page translation series of the work of classical Greek and Latin authors represented in over 500 volumes. The iconic red and green volumes have long been an invaluable resource to scholars, students, and all those interested in the great writers of ancient Greece and Rome. Now, the Digital Loeb Classical Library is a fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all these volumes, making available what is important in classical Greek and Latin literature: epic and lyric poetry; tragedy and comedy; history, travel, philosophy, and oratory; and the great medical writers and mathematicians.

Electronic Journals

Encyclopedia of the Bible & Its Reception (EBR)
The Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (EBR) offers a comprehensive and in-depth rendering of the current state of knowledge on the origins and development of the Bible in its different canonic forms in Judaism and Christianity. At the same time, EBR also documents the history of the Bible’s reception in the Christian churches and the Jewish Diaspora; in Islam, in other religious traditions, and current religious movements, Western and non-Western alike, as well as in literature, art, music, and film. EBR is scheduled to comprise thirty volumes in print spanning a 15-year period (2009–2024). The online edition contains the entire contents of the printed edition (currently volumes 1–20), as well as many articles ahead of print, and is updated quarterly.

OCLC FirstSearch is an online reference search tool that delivers quality content from WorldCat and another 10 quality, respected databases in a wide range of subjects. It provides access to more than 258 million records via WorldCat. Various library ownership information in WorldCat is linked to most FirstSearch databases. There is a choice of seven interface languages: English, French, Spanish, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese.

Gale Resources
An extremely valuable link to over 50 databases representing a broad range of fields from the Arts and Sciences. Also available are links to numerous full-text e-books (not downloadable), various editions of the Encyclopedia Britannica, and some Massachusetts resource collections.

LBG (Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität)
Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität (LBG), published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences (Die Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften), is the result of a collaboration with the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) at the University of California, Irvine. The LBG is the foremost lexicographical resource in Byzantine Studies mainly covering the period from the 4th to the 15th century A.D. taken from more than 3,000 texts. Eight fascicles have appeared to date. When completed the dictionary will consist of more than 2,000 printed pages, containing approx. 80,000 lemmata.

Library Catalog

Liverpool University Press Translated Texts for Historians E-Library
This collection makes available historical sources from A.D. 300–800, from both the Greek East and Latin West, translated into English, in many cases for the first time. This indispensable collection contains 85 volumes from the series that bring together a wealth of important early medieval texts in translation, with scholarship from leading academics. The texts cover a wide range of topics: Church History (including the translations of the Acts of some of the Ecumenical Synods); Hagiography; chronicles; legal works; Biblical commentaries; homilies; theological texts; Byzantine novels; and philosophy.

New Testament Abstracts
New Testament Abstracts Online is a product of a partnership between ATLA and Boston College. The database is an indispensable research and bibliographic aid for scholars, librarians, clergy and students of the New Testament and its historical milieu. The database contains more than 44,000 article abstracts, 1,200 review abstracts, 16,500 book abstracts, and 50 software abstracts. Each year an additional 2,000 articles from more than 500 periodicals in numerous languages are selected for inclusion. In addition, approximately 900 current books are also summarized annually. Article coverage in the database dates back to 1985.

Old Testament Abstracts
Old Testament Abstracts is a product of a partnership between ATLA and the Catholic Biblical Association. The database features indexing and abstracts for journal articles, monographs, multi-author works, and software related to Old Testament studies. Content from over 450 journals is covered. All abstracts are in English, regardless of the language of the original work. Topics covered include antiquities, archaeology, biblical theology, philology, and much more. Coverage in the database dates back to 1978.

OmniFile Select
OmniFile Full Text, Select Edition is a full text-only database that contains a wealth of essential material for learning and research across the disciplines. Full-text articles are available from approximately 2,700 publications, many of which are peer-reviewed. This resource is an invaluable support for undergraduate research within and across all core subjects. Subject coverage includes art, agriculture, applied science, business, current events, education, general science, humanities, law, library sciences, social sciences, technology, and many other fields.

Religion & Philosophy Collection
Religion & Philosophy Collection is a comprehensive database covering such topics as world religions, major denominations, biblical studies, religious history, epistemology, political philosophy, philosophy of language, moral philosophy, and the history of philosophy. With more than 300 full text journals and unparalleled coverage of the subject areas listed above, the Religion & Philosophy Collection is an essential tool for researchers and students of theology and philosophical studies.

Sources chrétiennes Online (SCO)
This series, published by Édtions du Cerf, Paris, consists of critical editions of Greek, Latin, Syriac, Aramaic and Georgian texts from the first 1,400 years of the church, accompanied by a facing French translation. Both the original language texts and the translations are searchable and multiple filters enable targeted searches. Currently the database contains the texts of 456 out of about 625 printed volumes. The database will receive 4 updates per year. All volumes will be available by 2025.

The Boston Globe
The newspaper is searchable and full-text from 1980 to the current issue.

TLG (Thesaurus Linguae Graecae)
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) is a Special Research Program at the University of California, Irvine. Founded in 1972, the TLG represents the first effort in the Humanities to produce a large digital corpus of literary texts. Since its inception the project has collected and digitized most texts written in Greek from Homer (8 c. B.C.) to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453. Its goal is to create a comprehensive digital library of Greek literature from antiquity to the present era.

Open Access Resources

Byzantina Symmeikta
An international open-access electronic journal published by the Institute for Byzantine Research (IBR) of the National Hellenic Research Foundation (NHRF). It provides a forum for the publication of original research in the field of Byzantine studies. Publication of the journal began at the IBR of the National Hellenic Research Foundation in 1966 under the title SΥΜΜΕΙΚΤΑ.

Deltion (Bulletin) of the Christian Archaeological Society (Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias)
A major scholarly journal, begun in 1892, devoted to research in Early Christian, Byzantine and post-Byzantine art and archaeology written in the main European languages (Greek, English, French, German, Italian). The Deltion offers open access to content with a five year moving wall.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
This directory provides free access to close to 17,500 peer reviewed, open access, academic journals drawn from the humanities, sciences, and mathematics. Over 2,500 journals are searchable at article level.

Dumbarton Oaks Papers
The journal is now available completely as an open access resource. All past volumes of DOP as well as the current volume are now available, and future volumes will be placed online shortly after the publication of the print volume. Dumbarton Oaks Papers is one of the world’s preeminent journals in the field of Byzantine Studies. Published annually since 1941 and now available open access, its articles cover all aspects of society, culture, and art from roughly the fourth through the fifteenth century in the Roman Empire and in successor and neighboring states. Readers will find sophisticated and innovative studies that engage with questions of history, literature, and theology; a wide range of artistic expression; and archaeological and other material remains. Topics related to Eastern Christian communities beyond the territorial and chronological boundaries of the empire also appear in the journal’s pages, including articles on textual sources not only in medieval Greek but also in Arabic, Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopic, Georgian, Latin, Old Church Slavonic, Syriac, and more.

The Getty Research Portal
The Getty Research Portal is a free online search platform providing worldwide access to an extensive collection of digitized art history texts from a range of institutions. This multilingual and multicultural union catalog affords art historians and other researchers the ability to search and download complete digital copies of publications devoted to art, architecture, material culture, and related fields. The Getty Research Portal is a collaborative project initiated by the Getty Research Institute in 2012. Founded with a group of international contributors, including the Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library at Columbia University, the Biblioteca de la Universidad de Málaga, the Frick Art Reference Library, the Heidelberg University Library, the Institut national d’histoire de l’art, members of the New York Art Resources Consortium, and the Thomas J. Watson Library at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Portal aggregates access to an ever-increasing number of digitized art-historical texts from a growing list of contributors.

The Global Digital Library on Theology and Ecumenism (GlobeTheoLib)
This site offers a multilingual online library offering access free of charge to more than 650,000 full-text articles, journals, books and other resources. Its focus is on theology, intercultural and interreligious dialogue, ethics, and ecumenism in World Christianity. One just needs to register for free on the website.

Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies (GRBS)
GRBS is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal devoted to the culture and history of Greece from Antiquity to the Renaissance, featuring research on all aspects of the Hellenic world from prehistoric antiquity through the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine periods, including studies of modern classical scholarship.

Index Theologicus (Ix Theo)
This index of theological articles and essays in selected works from 1979 to the present is hosted by the University of Tübingen and contains citations from more than 600 journals, in addition to Festschriften and congress publications. There is significant overlap with the ATLA Religion Database, but it does include European content not covered by ATLA Religion Database.

Journal of the International Society for Orthodox Church Music
This is an open access, online peer-reviewed journal, begun with Volume 1 in 2014, focusing on a wide variety of aspects of Eastern Orthodox and related chant traditions, both monophonic and polyphonic, written from a range of musicological, theological, compositional and practical perspectives. It also incorporates the Proceedings of the biennial Conferences of the ISOCM in Joensuu, Finland, making it thereby not only the Society’s only publication channel, but one of the main venues for publishing on Orthodox church music in the world. Proceedings from other conferences co-hosted by the ISOCM, in Prague and the USA, have also been published as part of the Journal, and this will continue to be the case. The ISOCM was founded by an international group of musicians and scholars on 18 June 2005, following the First International Conference on Orthodox Church Music at the University of Joensuu, with the blessing of His Eminence Archbishop Leo of Karelia and all Finland. Eight conferences have been organized, on a biennial basis, since then, with the participation of a constantly increasing number of internationally renowned scholars from all over the world. The Society has also worked in collaboration with other institutions in both the organization of events and in publishing. The ISOCM is a member of the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies.

Porphyra is the first Italian online, open access, peer-reviewed periodical to focus exclusively on Byzantium. Articles appear in various languages.

Portail de Revues Scientifiques en Sciences Humaines et Sociales (Persée) (Portal of Scientific Journals in Humanities and Social Sciences)
Persée is the website for free access to numerous full text academic journals in the fields of the humanities and social sciences. The journals are French publications, but many of the articles they publish are in English.

Portal for the Greek Language
The site has been created by the Centre for the Greek Language in Thessalonike, under the auspices of the Ministry of Education. The materials cover Ancient Greek, Byzantine Greek, and Modern Greek. Among the online resources are searchable dictionaries, a corpus of texts, information on the theoretical research and study of the Greek language, materials related to the theory and teaching of the language, bibliographies, anthologies, studies, guides, and concordances.

Princeton Index of Medieval Art
The Index of Medieval Art (formerly known as the Index of Christian Art) is now available completely as an open access resource. The Index records works of art produced throughout the “Long Middle Ages,” from early apostolic times until the sixteenth century in seventeen different media. Although the collection’s traditional emphasis has been on the art of western Europe and Byzantium, it has recently added significant holdings from Coptic Egypt, Lebanon, Ethiopia, Syria, Armenia, and the Near East. Subjects represented comprise both religious and secular themes and draw on a growing range of faith and cultural traditions.

At the time of Charles Rufus Morey’s death in 1955, the Index had a collection of some 500,000 cards and slightly under 100,000 photographs, the cataloguing guidelines for which had been firmly established under the directorship of Helen Woodruff between 1933 and 1942. Since then, the collection has continued to expand. At present, the Index offers access to approximately 200,000 images and related information in the physical archive; about half of these currently also exist in the digital database, where they have been augmented significantly by collaborations with the J. Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, the Paul van Moorsel Centre, Leiden University, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, and the Princeton Library Manuscripts Collection.